The Long and Short
Sell First Horizon to buy BankUnited
This document is intended for institutional investors and is not subject to all of the independence and disclosure standards applicable to debt research reports prepared for retail investors.
Investors can find a good relative value swap in selling selected subordinated First Horizon debt to go into similar BankUnited issues. While First Horizon is a significantly larger entity, the banks are otherwise highly comparable in terms of overall credit quality. The structural difference of trading from a subordinated bank issue into a subordinated holding company issue is mitigated by lack of complexity in BankUnited’s overall operations and capital structures. The trade: sell FHN 5.75% 05/30 to buy BKU 5.125% 06/30.
- SELL: FHN 5.75% 05/30 @ +125/20YR; G+136; 52%; $124.54
- BUY: BKU 5.125% 06/30 @ +145/20YR; G+155; 72%; $118.33
Investors can pick up around 20 bp of total yield by swapping from FHN 5.75% ‘30s to similar maturity BKU 5.125% ‘30s while maintaining comparable ratings and staying in index-eligible deal size. The trade also offers the opportunity to take out roughly $6 points of cash to move to a moderately lower coupon and lengthen by just one month of total maturity.
Both issuers trade at the wide end of the range for regional banks (Exhibit 1). They have very similar duration, which invites a potential swap. Other key considerations:
Exhibit 1: BBB regional banks
Source: Amherst Pierpont, Bloomberg/TRACE Indications
- BKU operates almost exclusively in its home state of Florida, where 68 of its 69 branches are currently located. The bank has just over $35 billion in total assets as of March 2021, with $28 billion in total deposits and $23 billion in total loans. Comparatively, FHN has nearly $88 billion in total assets with $73 billion in total deposits and $59 billion in total loans. The bank’s roughly 455 branches are spread out across its southeast footprint in its home state of Tennesee, as well as Arkansas, Alabama, Florida, Louisiana, Georgia, Virginia, North Carolina and South Carolina. FHN recently expanded its footprint meaningfully through the $2.3 billion purchase of IBERIABANK, which closed mid-2020. BKU has not made a substantial bank acquisition since 2012.
- BKU and FHN have similarly well-diversified loan books by loan category. BKU has 28% of loans in residential, 27% in commercial real estate (CRE), 19% in commercial & industrial loans (C&I), with about 15% categorized as non-real estate loans. FHN’s loan mix is classified as 28% C&I, 24% CRE (plus an additional 4% in construction and development), 20% residential, and approximately 17% in non-real estate lending.
- BKU currently maintains significantly higher capital ratios than FHN. The bank’s Tier 1 Common (CET) ratio was 13.18% as of 1Q21 versus 9.97% at FHN. BKU’s total risk-based capital ratio was 15.19% as of 1Q21 versus 12.84% for FHN.
- The two banks have comparable funding profiles, with both organizations primarily utilizing traditional deposit funding and neither overly reliant on higher-risk wholesale funding. BKU’s total loan/deposit ratio was 84% as of 1Q21, while FHN’s was 81%, as both banks maintain deposits well in excess of their total loan books. BKU’s total reliance on wholesale funding as of 1Q21 was 23%, which we view as highly appropriate, while FHN was just under 10%. Both banks have negligible levels of short-term wholesale funding as of 1Q21. BKU’s percentage of brokered deposits was a very manageable 12.5% as of 1Q21, while FHN’s was just under 5%.
Both banks have very low delinquencies in their loan books, reflecting relatively conservative lending practices. BKU’s non-performing assets (NPAs) were just 0.82% of total assets as of 1Q21. FHN’s NPA/Asset ratio was a very similar 0.67%. The banks’ adjusted Texas Ratios (which measure total NPA and 90-day past due loans as a percentage of tangible equity and loan loss reserves) were 12.15% and 8.46%, respectively as of 1Q21. We typically consider any score below 20% as appropriate for mid-sized regional banks like BKU and FHN.
Dan Bruzzo, CFA
1 (646) 776-7749
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